In graphene-based nano junctions, the edge-topology of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) is crucial to modulate the spin-dependent transport through quantum interference (QI). Herein we have investigated the quantum transport properties of armchair GNRs (AGNRs) and zig-zag GNRs (ZGNRs) nanoribbons employing density functional theory in combination with nonequilibrium Green’s function (NEGF-DFT) techniques. The spin-polarized transmission spectra, with spin-filtering efficiency up to 50%, are observed for the ZGNRs in the low-lying ferromagnetic state. Such spin response in the transmission spectra remains silent for the non-magnetic AGNR and antiferromagnetic ZGNR in their respective ground states. Further, upon reducing the width of ZGNR, we observed that the evolved spin-dependent QI features leading to high spin-filtering efficiency.
We are working at the Institute of Nano Science and Technology Mohali, one of the leading research institutes in India in the field of Nano Science. INST is located in Chandigarh, one of the major cities of India.