Tetra-coordinated iron(II) porphyrins are observed in triplet (intermediate spin, IS) ground state with low-lying quintet (high spin, HS) and singlet (low spin, LS) excited states. It is well known in the literature that the dFe-N bond distances are dependent on the spin state such that the dFe-N distances are larger for HS compared to the LS/IS states. This implies the existence of strong magneto-structural correlations. Herein, the possibility to obtain the spin-state information for a series of tetra-coordinated square planar iron(II) porphyrin complexes have been explored by exploiting the magneto-structural correlations obtained from first principle calculations. The spin-state dependent nature of the chemical bonds and spin polarization on the N-atoms play a crucial role in the vibrational dynamics of the central Fe-atom. Theoretical nuclear resonance vibrational spectroscopy (NRVS) is adopted to investigate the vibrational dynamics and the Fe-atom associated spectral peaks and their spin-dependent features. We find that NRVS studies along with iron pre-K-edge x-ray absorption analysis convincingly provide the information on the spin state, which could be utilized to identify the spin states without adopting any magnetic probes.
We are working at the Institute of Nano Science and Technology Mohali, one of the leading research institutes in India in the field of Nano Science. INST is located in Chandigarh, one of the major cities of India.