A simple yet effective methodology to obtain high-quality reduced graphene oxide (RGO) using a tetrahydrofuran suspension of GO under hydrogen at moderate pressure has been demonstrated. The extent of reduction as a function of the pressure of hydrogen gas, temperature, and time was studied, where the abstraction of oxygen is achievable with least mutilation of C-sp2 bonds, hence upholding the integrity of the graphene sheet. Herein, the formation of a short-lived species is proposed, which is possibly responsible for such reduction. A detailed theoretical calculation along with in situ UV–visible experiments reveals the existence of a transient solvated electron species in the reaction medium. The hydrogen RGO (HRGO) achieved a C/O atomic ratio of 11.3. The conductivity measurements show that HRGO reached as high as 934 S/m, which indicates a high quality of RGO. The process is hassle-free, environmentally benign, and can be scaled up effortlessly without compromising the quality of the material.
We are working at the Institute of Nano Science and Technology Mohali, one of the leading research institutes in India in the field of Nano Science. INST is located in Chandigarh, one of the major cities of India.