The modulation of electron density at the Pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) catalytic center, because of charge transfer across the α-helix/PLP interface, is the determining factor for the enzymatic activities in the human Cystathionine β-Synthase (hCBS) enzyme. Applying density functional theory calculations, in conjunction with the real space density analysis, we investigated the charge density delocalization across the entire heme−α-helix–PLP electron communication channels. The electron delocalization due to hydrogen bonds at the heme/α-helix and α-helix/PLP interfaces are found to be extended over a very long range, as a result of redistribution of electron densities of the cofactors. Moreover, the internal hydrogen bonds of α-helix that are crucial for its secondary structure also participate in the electron redistribution through the structured hydrogen-bond network. α-Helix is found to accumulate the electron density at the ground state from both of the cofactors and behaves as an electron reservoir for catalytic reaction at the electrophilic center of PLP.
We are working at the Institute of Nano Science and Technology Mohali, one of the leading research institutes in India in the field of Nano Science. INST is located in Chandigarh, one of the major cities of India.